A brief review of the development of tools for calculation of blackbody radiation parameters

Understanding the blackbody radiation model is necessary for many areas, such as infrared systems, lighting, pyrometry, spectroscopy, astronomy, heat engineering, cryogenics, meteorology, etc. The mathematical form that Planck's law takes in such a model is quite cumbersome, and computing of such thing was quite resource-intensive and complex before the appearance of modern computers. To speed up the calculations tables, nomograms, slide rules and other devices were compiled to help in determining the radiation of a black body in a given region of the spectrum or other related radiometric quantities. Currently, there are many online calculators and applications that greatly simplify the calculation of black body radiation parameters. This paper is devoted to a brief review of the development of such tools and a description of the results of the calculations that they produce.

blackbody, radiation, absorption, photometry

Volume 23, issue 4, 2022 year

Краткий обзор развития инструментов для вычисления параметров излучения абсолютно черного тела

Понимание модели излучения черного тела необходимо для множества областей, таких как инфракрасные системы, освещение, пирометрия, спектроскопия, астрономия, теплотехника, криогеника, метеорология и др. Математическая форма, которую принимает закон Планка в такой модели, является достаточно громоздкой, а проводимые с его помощью вычисления были довольно ресурсозатратными и представляли большую сложность до появления современных компьютеров. Для ускорения вычислений составлялись таблицы, номограммы, логарифмические линейки и прочие подобные устройства, помогающие определить излучение черного тела в данной области спектра или другие связанные радиометрические величины. В настоящее время существует множество онлайн калькуляторов и приложений, сильно упрощающих вычисления параметров излучения черного тела. Данная работа посвящена краткому обзору развития подобных инструментов и описанию результатов вычислений, которые они выдают.

абсолютно черное тело, излучение, поглощение, фотометрия

Volume 23, issue 4, 2022 year

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